Import Alcohol in Thailand

How to register and import Alcohol in Thailand: wine, liquors, distilled, and alcoholic beverages.

Import of Alcohol in Thailand is regulated by the Thai Excise Department. Labels must be registered before import.

Import and sale of alcoholic beverages in Thailand is regulated by the Liquor Act of 1950 and the Alcoholic Beverage Control Act of 2008.

Spirit or liquor are material or mixture that contains alcohol and is consumable or becomes consumable after mixing with water or other liquids.

They are subdivided into two groups:

  • Undistllled spirits – or mixtures of fermented spirits with distilled spirits  (e.g. wines, champagnes, and low-degree liquors)
  • Distilled spirits – or mixtures of distilled spirits with fermented spirits with alcohol volume more than 15 degrees (e.g. whiskey, brandy, rum, vodka, gin, etc.)

The Excise Department is responsible to collect the excise tax on alcohol, but not only: they are also the regulatory agency for alcohol import and distribution (in accordance with the Liquor Act B.E. 2493). The licensing system of the Excise Department obliges the importer to sell the alcoholic beverages in respect of Thai regulation.

Siam Trade Development offers Regulatory services to register labels for wine and liquors and can import the products for third parties through its partner Easy Wine in Bangkok.  See also our page on Importer of Records.

Siam Trade Development services

Tax system for Alcohol Import in Thailand: Duties, excise, local taxes, VAT. How to calculate the cost

Import Alcohol in Thailand

Alcohol Duties in Thailand

Duties applied to Alcohol import in Thailand depends on the Country of origin and the product. For examples, wine form Countries without a special agreement (France, Italy, USA) pays 54% duty, that is reduced to half if Origin is Australia, Chile, New Zealand etc. See below to have full picture of alcohol taxation method in Thailand

Import Alcohol in Thailand

Excise on Wine and Spirits

Excise has a complicated way of calculation, that makes the system quite dangerous in case of mistakes. Basically, Excise is based on two factors: 1) selling price, that has a added tax if exceeding a given quota (ad-valorem tax); 2) based on alcoholic content and volume of the bottle. Click here to check the formula to calculate as example the Excise Tax for Wine in thailand

Import Alcohol in Thailand

Additional tax and VAT

Alcoholic beverages are generally charged by additional tax that are globally the 17,5% of the total Excise calculated in the paragraph before. After this additional tax is applied, VAT must be calculated on the full value based on (CIF price + Duty + Excise + Additional Tax) x 7%.

Globally, Alcohol Import in Thailand is charged with around 300% taxes

General Guidelines on taxation on Import Alcohol in Thailand

Update: On January 4th, 2024 a note from Government announced that Duties from all Countries on Wine shal be levied, together with a substantial change in Excise Tax calculation. Please read this update HERE

Duties are levied on imported Alcoholic Beverages before they are released from the Customs:

  • Customs import duties
  • Excise tax for Excise Department and Interior Tax
  • Value Added Tax (VAT) for the Revenue Department

Import duties are imposed at a specific rate, based on price declared in purchase invoice.

Most of the imported alcoholic beverages are subject to import duties between 5 and 60%, but this percentage may be reduced or also eliminated under a Free Trade Agreement (FTA).

For what concerns wine and beer of an alcoholic strength by volume not exceeding 15% or, exceeding 15% but not exceeding 23% (fermented liquors):

Countries with no FTA 60
ASEAN – Australia – New Zealand 20
ASEAN – China Free Trade Agreement Exempted
ASEAN – KOREA Exempted
ATIGA Exempted
FTA Thai – Australia 12
Exemption and Reduction of Customs Duty for the Goods Originating in Japan 27.27
FTA Thai – New Zealand 9
Thai – Peru 24

Excise tax

Update: On January 4th, 2024 a note from Government announced that Duties from all Countries on Wine shal be levied, together with a substantial change in Excise Tax calculation. Please read this update HERE

The excise tax is an indirect tax imposed on certain goods, among them alcoholic products, when they enter into the country. As for import duties, the excise tax is imposed either at a specific rate (based on the volume of alcohol content) or at an ad valorem rate (a percentage of the value of the product) and range from one to 50% or both.

As example, Excise tax on wine is calculated as follows:

  1. Ad valorem rate. If the SELLING PRICE in Thailand is below 999 THB, this value is ZERO. If selling price is 1.000 THB or above, the rate is 10% of declared selling price.
  2. Based on alcohol content: the formula to calculate Excise is as follows: [(Alcoholic degrees) * (content in litres) * 1500THB] / 100

Local Taxes on Alcohol Import

Apart from the above-mentioned taxes, imported alcohol is also subjected to further 5 local taxes, Thai health taxes and TV taxes, respectively amounting to 10%, 2%, 1.5%, 2% and 2% on the excise tax. Totally Local taxes burden 17,5% of Excise Tax on every bottle of wine imported into the kingdom.

Alcohol Import License

In order to import Alcohol in Thailand, a Company must get an Import License type 1. Required documents for the release of Licnese are:

  • Application form “Sor 2/64”
  • In case of a physical person: copy of ID card and copy of household registration of trader or lease contract
  • In case of a juristic person: a copy of the certificate of the juristic person, copy of the ID card of the director and a power of attorney
  • In case you are applying for a Type 1 or Type 2 license, a map of the business place and a letter for liquor stock examination are required. The liquor stock will also have to be examined.

Alcohol Import Procedure

First of all, before importing alcohol one should receive the approval of the officer of the Excise Department. A form “SOR2/74” will have to be issued for every batch (B/L or AWB) that will be imported.

The other documents required for import wine and alcoholic beverages are:

  • Copy of liquor selling license Type 1
  • Copy of Invoice and Performa invoice
  • B/L or AWB
  • Packing List
  • Certificate of label approval
  • Laboratory Analysis with specific standards
  • Copy of household registration of business place or lease contract
  • Copy of the ID card (if it concerns a physical person) or a certificate of registration in case of a juristic person
  • Power of attorney

Time for custom clearance varies from 3 to 10 days (you should expect some inspection or additional documents request). Time for licensing a wine label is from 20 to 30 days.

If you are importing for online sales, we strongly advise to read this article: ONLINE ALCOHOL SALES BAN IN THAILAND

Latest update (22 February 2024) here: